Annex A - Group Research Proposal


Research Topic (Global Challenge): 
Water Quality Of Sungei Ulu Pandan Canal

Chosen Area of Focus:
Water quality and Water pollution

Group Members’ Names:


1. Statement of problem (framing our research topic):

The land use is a factor to the amount of pollutants being released into the canal, which in turn leads into the reservoir. A factory could produce more waste pollutants compared to a housing estate. This in turn could increase the amount of pollutants in that regions of the canal. We decided to pick Sugei Ulu Pandan Canal & Reservoir as our testing site as it is the nearest for us, and we know what are the types of land use around. We have picked out specific hotspots to collect water to test for specific factors such as turbidity, temperature & dissolved oxygen.

2. Research Objectives

We want to see if the quality of the water of different areas of the canal are different based on the land use, as different areas may pollute or damage the water differently. We also want to find how serious the water pollution in the canal is.

3. Literature Review (Brief summary of at least 3 sources that you have consulted with reference to your research topic)

There are many different chemical compounds and element that attribute to the quality of the water, some being bad, some being good. Here are some factors

~Dissolved oxygen
-Required for all marine life, and obtained through plant photosynthesis and dissolution of atmospheric oxygen. A DO level of above 5-6 mg/L is desirable for aquatic life. 1-5 mg/L affects fishes metabolism, and anything below 1 will allow only small creatures to survive.

-Thermal pollution rarely happens in Singapore. When temperature changes abruptly, it can greatly affect the organisms living in the water.

- The cloudiness of water due to the insoluble particles in mixed into the water.

4. Proposed Hypotheses
The factory area is going to be the most polluted, while the areas where there is nothing may be the least polluted. The housing estates will be somewhere in the middle. All the water that flows in the canal leads to Pandan Reservoir, where it might be the most polluted.

5. Research Plan (Describe how you intend to design your research i.e. who/what you are going to research on, how many respondents, your study area/location etc)

200 Words

An investigation on whether how the land used affects the quality of the canal water. The weather conditions must be the same, as well as the flow of the water. Thus, we have to do it on the same day. We are using different areas. Etc. Housing estates, factories…
Then we are going to test the water for different chemical elements and compounds to verify whether it is polluted or not. We will use various equipment to test for them and some might need to be tested for onsite as things such as water temperature and dissolved oxygen can change over time.

6. Analysis of Data

Based in the data we have collected, we found that temperature did not necessarily affect the amount of dissolved oxygen in the water samples. Where there was more aquatic life, the amount of dissolved oxygen was lower than the ones where there was minimal aquatic life. In sample 2 and 3 where the land use was for landed property, the turbidity values were the highest among the rest of the samples.

7. Overall assessment on feasibility and manageability of the research (justify why your research can be managed and results be achieved within the time-frame)

100 Words

Even though we have a bit more than 5 locations to collect the water from and we have a lot of travelling to do, I think we can finish all of it in at most four hours, if we manage our time well.
The collecting of water is the easy part while the testing of the water might be more tedious, but the hardest part would be cross referencing the land use with the results, to give us a clear answer as to wether the land around a specific area of the canal affects the pollution levels.


Kwok, C. (2011). Water quality monitoring in singapore. Retrieved from
(Kwok , 2011)

Joint Nature Conservation Committee. (2005, March).Common standards monitoring guidance for canals. Retrieved from

H2OU. (2006). Important water quality factors. Retrieved from

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality. (2006).What factors affect water quality?. Retrieved from
(Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, 2006)

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